Video assisted refereeing in association football - possible adverse effects on uncertainty of outcome

Kjetil Kåre Haugen


This (short) article discusses the Video assisted referee (VAR) system in association football. Based on simple logic, the link between uncertainty of outcome and VAR is established, and the article concludes that general introduction of the VAR system may be harmful to association football as it may lower uncertainty of outcome to levels which may seriously harm future demand.


Video Assisted Referee; Uncertainty of Outcome; Adverse Effects

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